Determining Your Ideal Diamond Cut (Part 1)

Posted on Wednesday, January 27th, 2016 in Informational.

With so many different diamond cuts to choose from, it can be confusing to determine which cut is the best for you. Depending on the type of look you’re going for, one diamond cut could be perfect while another one should be avoided. For this week’s blog, I’m going to highlight some of the important information you should know about the most popular diamond cuts: round, princess, emerald, Asscher, and cushion.

round-cut-diamondRound cut diamond:
There’s a reason why this style is the most popular type of diamond cut. Round cut diamonds tend to maximize the brightness of a diamond, creating a breathtaking sparkle. Most round cut diamonds are brilliant cut, which means they have either 57 or 58 facets (the name for smooth surface areas that have been cut at different angles to allow light to enter and reflect back on the diamond). Because of their higher demand and larger percentage of diamond loss during the cutting process, round diamonds are generally more expensive than other cuts.


Princess cut diamond: princess cut diamondWith a similar sparkle and brilliance found in round cut diamonds, princess cut diamonds come in as the second most popular type of diamond cut. Unlike round cut diamonds, princess cut diamonds are in the shape of a square or rectangle and have four pointed corners. This relatively new diamond cut style was created in the 1960’s and was designed for maximum brilliance. The number of facets on a princess cut diamond can vary widely. Since princess cut diamonds have four pointed corners, it’s important to make sure that all corners are well protected with prongs, which will protect the diamond from potential chipping.


Emerald cut diamond: emerald cut diamondThis type of cut features long, narrow facets in rows and tends to emphasize the clarity of the diamond. Most emerald cut diamonds are rectangular shaped and have long lines which give the diamond a sophisticated and elegant look. Unlike princess cut diamonds, emerald cut diamonds have truncated corners instead of pointed ones. Emerald cut diamonds are a type of step-cut diamond, meaning their facets are rectilinear and arranged parallel to the diamond’s girdle. Traditional emerald cut diamonds have three tiers or steps of facets on both the crown and the pavilion of the diamond, for a total of 49 facets. Even though they don’t have the same amount of sparkle compared to other styles, emerald cut diamonds are still favored for their vintage style and clarity.


Asscher cut diamond: Asscher cut diamondAsscher cut diamonds are very similar to emerald cut diamonds except for a few key features. The most noticeable is that they are square shaped instead of rectangular. They also usually feature larger step facets, a higher crown, and a smaller table, which tends to create more brilliance than an emerald cut diamond. Like emerald cuts, Asscher cut diamonds have cropped corners.  Similar to emerald cuts, one downside to asscher cut diamonds is their lack of brilliance. Because of this, defects in color and clarity will be more visible to the eye than other cuts. Therefore, only diamonds with a high clarity and high color grade should be cut in this manner.


Cushion cut diamond: cushion cut diamondDiamonds with this type of cut feature a pillow-like shape, somewhere between an oval and a rectangle. Cushion cut diamonds tend to have round corners and curved sides. While round cut diamonds are best for hiding color, cushion cuts are meant to retain color. This is in thanks to the variations in their facet patterns. Because of this, cushion cuts are common among fancy colored diamonds and less popular among colorless diamonds. The one downside to this cut is that they tend to have larger facets, which mean inclusions may be more noticeable. For this reason, one should pick a cushion cut diamond with a high clarity grade.

Click here to see the differences between oval cut, marquise cut, pear cut, heart cut, and radiant cut diamonds.